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Telangana – The state politics

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Telangana – The state politics

                      Andhra pradesh is one of our neighbor states, with which Tamil Nadu (TN) has maintained a mutual and smooth relation which has reflected in trust in the inter-state border,river sharing. For a long time, AP is surrounded by separatist movements for Telengana state. Though not directly affected by the demand, Tamil Nadu must bear some effects from the center’s decision regarding this issue. Team WI traces the history of the ‘Telengana” state demand.

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     Andhra Pradesh (AP) was formed as a separate state having carved out of ‘Madras presidency’ in 1953 as a result of hunger strike by Potti SriRamalu, who subsequently died. The state consist of three regions :

  1. Northern part of plateau-Telengana
  2. Southern part- Rayala Seema
  3. Coastal Andhra

      In 1953, the States Re organisation Commission  (SRC) was not in favor of an immediate merger of Telangana region with Andhra state. SRC proposed that the Telangana region be constituted as a separate state with a provision for unification with Andhra state, after the 1961 general elections.
But, then AP CM Burgula Ramakrishna Rao supported the Congress party’s central leadership decision to merge Telangana and Andhra despite opposition in Telangana region.Andhra state assembly passed a resolution to provide safeguards to Telangana. Though doubted initially, an agreement was reached between Telangana leaders and Andhra leaders on 20 February 1956 to merge Telangana and Andhra with promises to safeguard Telangana’s interests.


 

          It will be wise only if the movement is rationally questioned as like – Is the joint Andhra state, the only reason for Telengana’s projected backwardness? Will the new separate Telengana state solve the problems? The creation of Telengana has it’s own problems as:

  • Creating smaller states with small assemblies is likely to create more political instability in the centre.
  • The ‘tardy growth’ can be attributed to the successive spineless MLAs of Telengana region, who have not done much for the region’s development.
  • It might reignite the clamour for more separate states (e.g. Tululand, Bodoland, Gorkhaland, Vidarba)
  • Fate of Hyderabad, and the new state’s capital will certainly raise conflicts.
  • The creation of separate Telengana may give rise to regional outfits chasing outsiders and minorities (like Sena group in Maharashtra)
  • Telengana’s per capita income is almost equal to the coastal Andhra and more than Rayala Seema and  also the geographical disadvantages would remain even if Telengana is made a separate state.

         There have been several movements to invalidate the merger of Telangana and Andhra in 1969, 1972.On December 9, 2009, Government of India announced process of formation of Telangana state. But, due to violent protests in Coastal Andhra and Rayala Seema regions, the decision was put on hold on December 23, 2009. Subsequently ‘Justice Srikrishna Committee on Telengana’ was constituted in 2010.It recommended in the preferential order as:

  1. Keeping the state united by providing welfare measures for empowerment of Telengana region-creation of Telengana Regional Council (or)
  2. Bifurcation of the state into Telengana and Seemandhara, with Hyadrabad as the capital of Telengana and Seemandhara to have a new capital.

         At present, there is no consensus regarding this issue. As a step forward on Telangana, the UPA government has called a meeting of its Coordination Committee for July 31- the day panchayat polls end in AP to take a view on the division of the southern State.

 Above all the factors explained, there is Electoral Politics and political-administrative entity’s support which are very vital. This is not the first time ‘more time’ and ‘consultations’ have been used as an excuse to postpone a decision. Taking more time doesn’t always translate into more stability, but mostly as more uncertainty and complexity. The authorities and government should keep in mind the region’s welfare before deciding. (if at all they decide) Lets all hope the government puts a *full stop* this time instead of again putting a *comma* to this issue.
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